The dental implant is a favorable procedure for the patient suffering from teeth loss, and highly recommended by health professionals because of its safety and reliability
Need for dental implants: (1)
It is a surgical process in which dental implants are installed to fill the space of teeth roots. Dental implants are very helpful in a sense ofsupporting thepeople who missed their natural teeth due to various reasons especially seniors. A dental implant may be done to replace a single tooth or two. There are three main options when you go for replacement of tooth such as:
- Dental implant
- A partial or complete denture
- Fixed dental bridge
Dental implants are the best suitable option for teeth replacement because they can be done without any disturbance and dislocation of other healthy teeth. Another unique use of the dental implant is that it isthe same as the natural structure of teeth, and fits into the jaws comfortably, and gives feels and look like real teeth.
Procedure for a dental implant (2)
Varieties of specialists are involved in dental implantation. That includes:
- A doctor who is a specialist in checking the condition of the mouth, jaws, and face.
- A dentist who is a specialist in treating the structures of teeth like gums and bones
- A dentist who will design the teeth accordingly to the fitting
- Sometimes ENT specialist is required.
Before the procedure, you need a complete evaluation that includes:
- Comprehensive dental exam
- Review of your medical history
- Treatment plan
Pain during surgery is controlled by anesthesia. Options for anesthesia are general anesthesia, local anesthesia, or sedation. Your dentist knows which is option is best for you. A team of healthcare providers will guide you about eating before surgery according to the type of anesthesia.
Multiple steps are involved in dental implantation that are:
- The damaged tooth is removed
- Grafting is preparation for jawbone when needed
- Placement of dental implant
- Growth of bone and healing
- Abutment placement
- Placement of artificial tooth.
From start to end, this entire procedure can take months. The time is devoted to the healing of the wound and waiting for the new bone of the jaw to grow. Procedure for dental implantation is combined in steps that are:
- Bone Grafting
Before a dental implant, bone grafting is required if your jawbone is too thick or if it is too soft. Bone grafting is necessary because it exerts a powerful action on the bone when you chew. If bone grafting is unable to support a dental implant, surgery would fail. Several months are required for the transplanted bone to grow. Sometimes small bone grafting is required, which can be done at the time of dental implantation.
- Placement of dental implant
The oral surgeon makes a cut into the gum to open it and the bone is exposed, so the dental implant can be placed. The hole is created into the bone where the metal post of the dental implant can be fixed. Implantation is done deep into the bone. But still, there is a gap where the tooth is missing. A temporary denture is placed for appearance. A denture is easy to remove for cleaning and sleeping.
- Waiting for the growth of bone.
Osseointegration begins, when a metal post is fixed in the jawbone. Growth of jawbone and unity with the surface takes place during this process. Same as roots, it provides a solid base for the placement of artificial teeth.
- Placement of abutment
After osseointegration, additional surgery is required to place the abutment. To place the abutment:
- The oral surgeon will reopen the gums so the dental implant can be exposed
- A dental implant is attached with an abutment
- Gum tissue is then closed, but not abutment
- Choosing your new artificial teeth
When the gums are healed, impressions are developed and these impressions are used to place the crown that completely looks like your natural tooth. Crown is not possible to place if the jawbone is not strong enough to hold the crown.
With the advice of your doctor you can select:
- Removable teeth
- Fixed teeth
- Combination of both
Dental implant Cost:
The cost of dental implants is very high because it is a complicated process in which different doctors, technical and surgical experts take part. So the cost depends upon the type of surgery in dental implant whether single or more implants are required. For a single implant, the patient should bear the cost of about $3000 to $45000. This included all the components from surgery to the dental implant.
The cost is high due to the favored methodology and higher success ratio of about 98℅, so everyone tries to go with this option even it is costly but highly reliable for a long time.
Risks, complications, and issues of dental implant:
As it is a surgical process and it is understood that any surgery is tricky and has so many risks. To ensure any failure, compact and careful preparation of the surgery is required from the doctor. The risks with the dental implant are the same as for the other oral surgery like bleeding, infections, and allergies. It is seen that the dental implant is very successive in terms of results but still there is the possibility of getting undesired results.Due to infections, fracture, and overloading of the dental implant, other teeth, nerves, and blood vessels canget damaged by improper positioning.In some cases, the failed dental implant also is replaced by another dental implant after the healing time of the first surgical process.
Types of Dental Implant:
There are mainly two types by which a dental implant procedure can be done, following types are:
- Endosteal implant
- Subperiosteal implant
In the first type, a dental implant can be done in the bone structure of the mouth and it is a complete screw design of teeth that fits in where the surgery is required. The second type of subperiosteal is used when implantation is required at top of the gum tissues of the jawbones. The second type is not recommendable nowadays as compared to the endosteal due to the low success rate of the subperiosteal implant.